History, as we learn it in school, is a complex amount of horizontal relationships. It begins in ancient times, meaning at that time about which we have no evidence of any kind, up from Prehistory to Antiquity, Middle Ages, Renaissance, Modernity and stops at the feet of present. Of course, for a moment, because the present runs away, become past and history leaves again. In this long trip, people, families, villages, countries, nations, rulers and subjects are foreseen, being together in war, trade, transport, crises, disasters, scientific discoveries, revolution, betrayal, crimes, summits, conspiracy, hunting accidents, Olympic games, festivities, abductions, bankruptcies, murders, traffic jams and so on.
Historical schools of the past were differentiated by the way they have tried to understand history from inside. Some chose the path of the facts, other documents, and other mentalities. Therefore, the first approached the history in narrative form, the following in bureaucratic way, and the latter in philosophical way.
All these approaches, interesting and promising at their time, proved to be insufficient. Why? For them, even trying to explain the complexity of relations lined above, could not identify the generating factor of complexity, x factor. And not even the philosophical-historical school in Madrid (Ortega y Gasset, Julian Marias), that approached history in biographical form, from the person and his circumstances, did not find this entropic factor of history. Why? Because this factor can be discovered only by a vertical approach to history. Mankind can not be separated from God in any way. Therefore, all above historical approaches proved to be insufficient. They let away God, because they tried to hide just what they sought, x factor – sins.
I think it may seem strange that in „digital age”, in which man tries to cover all his inner weakness by spectacular achievements in the ocean of bits, we mention about sins. But, volens-nolens, they accompany man on illo tempore and affects history more than we imagined and we would like to. What are they? They are twists from light to dark, from love to hate, from community to solitude, from life to death. They are wanderings from the path of Truth to winding paths of deceit, from the meaning of things to absurdity, from the dignity of man on earth to slavery.
To summarize those understood so far: Landscape history varies closely with the state of human nature; Human nature changes radically through direct contact with God; Baptized nations acquire a deep understanding of the cruciform structure of history, and the last thought, our sins affect the entire history of the human race.